This is a preliminary Kadazan History Timeline. It is subject to changes as and when necessary or when new information become available. It is hoped that little by little Kadazan history will become more complete.
The ancestors of the Kadazan people were believed to be among groups of people who migrated from what is now mainland China. The place of origin was said to be either Yunnan in China or Mongolia.
When the ice melted, these groups of migrants were trapped in the land where they settled.
Happenings during this long period in Kadazan History timeline need researching before the evidence are gone forever. Perhaps these are already gone.
Kadazan History Timeline could only state the following based on information obtained from an exhibit at the State Library Donggongon sometime ago (namely, from 1220 to 1400 A.D. up to 'intrusion by outsiders).
1220 - 1400 A.D.
This was about 600 to 800 years ago. The time period needs verifying. It would appear that a longer period is more acceptable. If not, then you may argue that the Dusun Lotud, the Tatana and Sungai, for example, may have come from groups distinct from the Tolinting.
The Tolinting settlement at Tampios could have been a later development after people started to develop the desire to live as a community due to several reasons. One of these was safety in numbers because of the increasingly dangerous environment due to the intrusion by outsiders.
One can argue that the family of Aki Maragang were among the first settlers at Tampias. Later, other families could have arrived to settle within the area. So, you can somehow assume that Aki Maragang and family were Tolintings.
There were waves of local migrations when the Tampias community became over-crowded. The children of Aki Maragang, three sons and a daughter, most probably, were the leaders of the groups migrating to different parts of the land.
As the result of these migrations, the western coastal areas from what is now Papar to Kudat, the interior and the land to the east came to be settled by descendants of the children of Aki Maragang, through Runsud, Rongguvai, Tomui and Sayap.
P.S. Shim's book "Inland People of Sabah - Before, During and After Nunuk Ragang" published in 2007, states that the ancestors of the Kadazandusuns came from Baram in Sarawak starting from the year 1200 A.D.
The Kadazan tribe settled in the Kimanis-Papar plains. Another group settled at Bundu which later became the Tatana tribe. Still another group went to settle at Tuaran whose descendants are the Lotud people.
The largest group went to settle at Tampios and from there the different tribes spread to different parts of North Borneo.
Around 1800, a large group went northwards to Putatan-Penampang. This was given the name 'Tangaah' (now spelt " Tangaa' ").
It is interesting to note that the time periods coincide. If proven true, this Kadazan history timeline will need amendment.
Kadazan History Timeline: Recent History
This Kadazan History Timeline needs to fast-track to the future until such time when new information become available regarding events that happened between the migrations from Tampios to the present time.
It is now known that this language is the Tangaah Language which has become a major part of the Kadazan Language.
Kadazan means "people." They are people of the land.
Indeed, this is one of the important events mentioned in this Kadazan History timeline.
These leaders included the late Donald Stephens (later Tun Fuad Stephens), Peter Mojuntin, Vincent Lajingau, Darius Binion, Anthony Gibon, Fred Sinidol, Sikopit Siganul, and Fred Tan (Jinu), to name a few.
Kadazan Society of Penampang was formed.
Differences that arose gave some leaders the opportunity to manipulate sentiments for their own personal gains.
Later, (see below) leaders would agree on the term "Kadazan-Dusun." General acceptance by the Kadazan or Dusun community remains elusive.
They had a hard time looking for capable leaders to take
over from these leaders. The fate of the Kadazan people became
Parti Bersatu Sabah led by Pairin Kitingan won Sabah election.
November 4-5, 1989
Pairin Kitingan ceased to be Sabah's Chief Minister.
Kadazan-Dusun language was agreed as the new language ecology.
October 24, 1998
1999 Census Projection
November 5, 2001
April 22, 2005
New Sabah Times reports Datuk (now Tan Sri) Joseph Pairin Kitingan as having urged Kadazan-Dusuns to preserve their mother tongue.
Daily Express reports Datuk Pairin as having said that preservation of the Kadazan-Dusun language should start at home.
Meanwhile, local newspapers continued to run pages in the Kadazan Language.
This is a good sign but it may not last because the main reason for the united stand was political in nature.
5 May 2013: 13th Malaysian General Election
Datuk Philip Lasimbang of UPKO lost to Terence Siambun for the Moyog Seat.
Meanwhile, Tan Sri Pairin Kitingan, the President of PBS, retained the Tambunan seat and the Keningau Parliamentary Seat.
Tan Sri Joseph Kurup of PBRS also won.
Datuk Dr. Jeffrey Kitingan of STAR Sabah won the Bingkor Seat while Datuk Bumburing, the former Deputy President of UPKO won the Tamparuli seat. He resigned from UPKO just before the election and formed an NGO affiliated to the opposition front led by PKR Anwar Ibrahim.
UPKO Youth Leader criticised Tangau's reappointment of the previous supreme council members.
Momogun National Congress (MNC) is established and ruffled feathers by its proposal to use 'Momogun' to classify the natives of Sabah.
KDM people leaders become more splintered when they formed
political parties. PBS is now led by Ongkili, UPKO by Tangau, Star by
Jeffrey Kitingan, Parti Cinta Sabah by Bumburing, and Parti Harapan
Sabah by Lajim. It is said that there are other KDM political parties.
One single event of fairly recent occurrence that needs mentioning without fail in this Kadazan History timeline is the 6th June, 1976 plane tragedy. In that history changing event, three prominent Kadazan leaders perished.
In this Kadazan History timeline, the word "Kadazan-Dusun" is used as not referring to a particular race. It is the name used to classify the various ethnic tribes having similar cultural background.
There was a recent move to do away with Kadazandusun-Murut and to replace it with 'Momogun'. This has already drawn many comments and caused apprehension among many, including leaders. The meaning of 'momogun' will necessarily include natives and all other people who had lived here for a long time. There is a need for all Kadazan-Dusun and Murut, including leaders, to exercise caution for fear that words can unite but can also cause division.
As a further explanation, Kadazan History Timeline wishes to define Kadazandusun in the way that the 1989 Conference meant to use it.
The use of the term "Kadazan-Dusun" or sometimes KDM - to include Murut - demonstrates these people's desire to be one united people. Kadazan History Timeline hopes to show this more clearly in due time.
1. Around 1958, the Harrisons discovered a human skull in the Niah Caves in Baram. Carbon testing put the age of the skull as 37,000 years old. This could shed some light on the ancestors of the natives who inhabit these lands.